Now showing items 1-20 of 276

    • Can we use ice sheet reconstructions to constrain meltwater for deglacial simulations? 

      Bethke, Ingo; Li, Camille; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes (Journal article, 2012)
      Freshwater pulses from melting ice sheets are thought to be important for driving deglacial climate variability. This study investigates challenges in simulating and understanding deglacial climate evolution within this ...
    • Tracing the Imprint of River Runoff Variability on Arctic Water Mass Transformation 

      Lambert, Erwin; Nummelin, Aleksi; Pemberton, Per; Ilicak, Mehmet (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Arctic Ocean receives a net freshwater input from land and from the atmosphere. This flux of freshwater, along with net surface heat loss, acts to transform the water mass properties of inflowing Atlantic and Pacific ...
    • Sudden emergence of a shallow aragonite saturation horizon in the Southern Ocean 

      Negrete-Garcia, Gabriela; Lovenduski, Nicole; Hauri, Claudine; Krumhardt, Kristen; Lauvset, Siv Kari (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Models project that with current CO2 emission rates, the Southern Ocean surface will be undersaturated with respect to aragonite by the end of this century1,2,3,4. This will result in widespread impacts on biogeochemistry ...
    • ESD Reviews: Climate feedbacks in the Earth system and prospects for their evaluation 

      Heinze, Christoph; Eyring, Veronika; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Jones, Colin; Balkanski, Yves; Collins, William; Fichefet, Thierry; Gao, Shuang; Hall, Alex; Ivanova, Detelina; Knorr, Wolfgang; Knutti, Reto; Löw, Alexander; Ponater, Michael; Schultz, Martin G.; Schulz, Michael; Siebesma, Pier; Teixeira, Joao; Tselioudis, George; Vancoppenolle, Martin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Earth system models (ESMs) are key tools for providing climate projections under different scenarios of human-induced forcing. ESMs include a large number of additional processes and feedbacks such as biogeochemical cycles ...
    • Surface ocean pH and buffer capacity: past, present and future 

      Jiang, Li-qing; Carter, Brendan R; Feely, Richard A.; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Olsen, Are (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The ocean’s chemistry is changing due to the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2). This phenomenon, commonly referred to as “Ocean Acidification”, is endangering coral reefs and the broader marine ecosystems. In ...
    • Large loss of CO2 in winter observed across the northern permafrost region 

      Natali, Susan M.; Watts, Jennifer D.; Rogers, Brendan M.; Potter, Stefano; Ludwig, Sarah M.; Selbmann, Anne-Katrin; Sullivan, Patrick F.; Abbott, Benjamin W.; Arndt, Kyla A.; Birch, Leah; Björkman, Mats P.; Bloom, A. Anthony; Celis, Gerardo; Christensen, Torben R.; Christiansen, Casper Tai; Commane, Roisin; Cooper, Elisabeth J.; Crill, Patrick; Czimczik, Claudia; Davydov, Sergey; Du, Jinyang; Egan, Jocelyn E.; Elberling, Bo; Euskirchen, Eugenie S.; Friborg, Thomas; Genet, Hélène; Göckede, Mathias; Goodrich, Jordan P.; Grogan, Paul; Helbig, Manuel; Jafarov, Elchin E.; Jastrow, Julie D.; Kalhori, Aram A. M.; Kim, Yongwon; Kimball, John S.; Kutzbach, Lars; Lara, Mark J.; Larsen, Klaus S.; Lee, Bang-Yong; Liu, Zhihua; Loranty, Michael M.; Lund, Magnus; Lupascu, Massimo; Madani, Nima; Malhotra, Avni; Matamala, Roser; McFarland, Jack; McGuire, A. David; Michelsen, Anders; Minions, Christina; Oechel, Walter C.; Olefeldt, David; Parmentier, Frans-Jan W.; Pirk, Norbert; Poulter, Ben; Quinton, William; Rezanezhad, Fereidoun; Risk, David; Sachs, Torsten; Schaefer, Kevin; Schmidt, Niels M.; Schuur, Edward A. G.; Semenchuk, Philipp R.; Shaver, Gaius; Sonnentag, Oliver; Starr, Gregory; Treat, Claire C.; Waldrop, Mark P.; Wang, Yihui; Welker, Jeffrey; Wille, Christian; Xu, Xiaofeng; Zhang, Zhen; Zhuang, Qianlai; Zona, Donatella (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Recent warming in the Arctic, which has been amplified during the winter1,2,3, greatly enhances microbial decomposition of soil organic matter and subsequent release of carbon dioxide (CO2)4. However, the amount of CO2 ...
    • Large‐scale regional model biases in the extra‐tropical North Atlantic storm track and impacts on downstream precipitation 

      Pontoppidan, Marie Louise Nielsen; Kolstad, Erik Wilhelm; Sobolowski, Stefan Pieter; Sorteberg, Asgeir; Changhai, Liu; Rasmussen, Roy (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Global climate models have circulation biases that the community aims to reduce, for instance through high‐resolution dynamical downscaling. We used the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) to downscale both ...
    • Causes of bias and uncertainty in fracture network analysis 

      Peacock, David; Sanderson, David J.; Bastesen, Eivind; Rotevatn, Atle; Storstein, Tor H (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Fault and fracture networks are analysed to determine the deformation history and to help with such applications as engineering geology and fluidflow modelling. These analyses rely on quantifying such factors as length, ...
    • Eemian Greenland ice sheet simulated with a higher-order model shows strong sensitivity to surface mass balance forcing 

      Plach, Andreas; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Langebroek, Petra; Born, Andreas; Le clec'h, Sebastien (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Greenland ice sheet contributes increasingly to global sea level rise. Its history during past warm intervals is a valuable reference for future sea level projections. We present ice sheet simulations for the Eemian ...
    • Toward a multi-faceted conception of co-production of climate services 

      Bremer, Scott; Wardekker, Arjan; Dessai, Suraje; Sobolowski, Stefan Pieter; Slaattelid, Rasmus Tore; van der Sluijs, Jeroen P (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Increasing numbers of scholars and practitioners appeal to procedural theories of ‘co-production’ as they work to transform climate science into climate services. Most work in this direction theorises co-production as an ...
    • Equilibrium simulations of Marine Isotope Stage 3 climate 

      Guo, Chuncheng; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Bentsen, Mats; Bethke, Ingo; Zhang, Zhongshi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      An equilibrium simulation of Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS3) climate with boundary conditions characteristic of Greenland Interstadial 8 (GI-8; 38 kyr BP) is carried out with the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM). A ...
    • GLODAPv2.2019-an update of GLODAPv2 

      Olsen, Are; Lange, Nico; Key, Robert M.; Tanhua, Toste; Alvarez, Marta; Becker, Susan; Bittig, Henry C.; Carter, Brendan R; Da Cunha, Leticia Cotrim; Feely, Richard A.; Van Heuven, Steven M.A.C.; Hoppema, Mario; Ishii, Masao; Jeansson, Emil; Jones, Steve D.; Jutterström, Sara; Karlsen, Maren K.; Kozyr, Alex; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lo Monaco, Claire; Murata, Akihiko; Pérez, Fiz F.; Pfeil, Benjamin; Schirnick, Carsten; Steinfeldt, Reiner; Suzuki, Toru; Telszewski, Maciej; Tilbrook, Bronte; Velo, Antón; Wanninkhof, Rik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Global Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAP) is a synthesis effort providing regular compilations of surface to bottom ocean biogeochemical data, with an emphasis on seawater inorganic carbon chemistry and related ...
    • High resolution benthic Mg/Ca temperature record of the intermediate water in the Denmark Strait across D-O stadial-interstadial cycles 

      Sessford, Evangeline; Tisserand, Amandine Aline; Risebrobakken, Bjørg; Andersson, Carin; Dokken, Trond Martin; Jansen, Eystein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Dansgaard‐Oeschger (D‐O) climate instabilities that took place during Marine Isotope Stage 3 are connected to changes in ocean circulation patterns and sea ice cover. Here we explore in detail the configuration of the water ...
    • Parameter Uncertainty of a Snowmelt Runoff Model and Its Impact on Future Projections of Snowmelt Runoff in a Data-Scarce Deglaciating River Basin 

      Xiang, Yiheng; Li, Lu; Chen, Jie; Xu, Chong-Yu; Xia, Jun; Chen, Hua; Liu, Jie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The impacts of climate change on water resources in snow- and glacier-dominated basins are of great importance for water resource management. The Snowmelt Runoff Model (SRM) was developed to simulate and predict daily ...
    • Thaw processes in ice-rich permafrost landscapes represented with laterally coupled tiles in a land surface model 

      Aas, Kjetil Schanke; Martin, Leo Celestin Paul; Nitzbon, Jan; Langer, Moritz; Boike, Julia; Lee, Hanna; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Westermann, Sebastian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Earth system models (ESMs) are our primary tool for projecting future climate change, but their ability to represent small-scale land surface processes is currently limited. This is especially true for permafrost landscapes ...
    • Twenty-first-century glacio-hydrological changes in the Himalayan headwater Beas River basin 

      Li, Lu; Shen, Mingxi; Hou, Yukun; Xu, Chong-Yu; Lutz, Arthur; Chen, Jie; Jain, Sharad K.; Li, Jingjing; Chen, Hua (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Himalayan Mountains are the source region of one of the world's largest supplies of freshwater. The changes in glacier melt may lead to droughts as well as floods in the Himalayan basins, which are vulnerable to ...
    • The handbook for standardized field and laboratory measurements in terrestrial climate change experiments and observational studies (ClimEx) 

      Halbritter Rechsteiner, Aud Helen; De Boeck, Hans J.; Eycott, Amy Elizabeth; Reinsch, Sabine; Robinson, David A.; Vicca, Sara; Berauer, Bernd; Christiansen, Casper Tai; Estiarte, Marc; Grünzweig, José M.; Gya, Ragnhild; Hansen, Karin; Jentsch, Anke; Lee, Hanna; Linder, Sune; Marshall, John; Peñuelas, Josep; Schmidt, Inger Kappel; Stuart-Haëntjens, Ellen; Wilfahrt, Peter; Vandvik, Vigdis; Abrantes, Nelson; Almagro, María; Althuizen, Inge; Barrio, Isabel C.; te Beest, Mariska; Beier, Claus; Beil, Iilka; Berry, Z. Carter; Birkemoe, Tone; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Blonder, Benjamin; Blume-Werry, Gesche; Bohrer, Gil; Campos, Isabel; Cernusak, Lucas S.; Chojnicki, Bogdan H.; Cosby, Bernhard J.; Dickman, Lee T.; Djukic, Ika; Filella, Iolanda; Fuchslueger, Lucia; Gargallo-Garriga, Albert; Gillespie, Mark Andrew; Goldsmith, Gregory R.; Gough, Christopher; Halliday, Fletcher W.; Hegland, Stein Joar; Hoch, Gunter; Holub, Petr; Jaroszynska, Francesca Orinda Holl; Johnson, Daniel M.; Jones, Scott B.; Kardol, Paul; Keizer, Jan J.; Klem, Karel; Konestabo, Heidi Sjursen; Kreyling, Jürgen; Kröel-Dulay, György; Landhäusser, Simon M.; Larsen, Klaus S.; Leblans, Niki; Lebron, Inma; Lehmann, Marco M.; Lembrechts, Jonas J.; Lenz, Armando; Linstädter, Anja; Llusià, Joan; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Malyshev, Andrey V.; Mänd, Pille; Marshall, Miles; Matheny, Ashley M.; McDowell, Nate; Meier, Ina C.; Meinzer, Frederick C.; Michaletz, Sean T.; Miller, Megan L.; Muffler, Lena; Oravec, Michal; Ostonen, Ivika; Porcar-Castell, Albert; Preece, Catherine; Prentice, Iain C.; Radujković, Dajana; Ravolainen, Virve; Ribbons, Relena; Ruppert, Jan C.; Sack, Lawren; Sardans, Jordi; Schindlbacher, Andreas; Scoffoni, Christine; Sigurdsson, Bjarni D.; Smart, Simon M; Smith, Stuart; Soper, Fiona; Speed, James David Mervyn; Sverdrup-Thygeson, Anne; Sydenham, Markus A. K.; Taghizadeh-Toosi, Arezoo; Telford, Richard J.; Tielborger, Katja; Töpper, Joachim Paul; Urban, Otmar; van der Ploeg, Martine; Van Langenhove, Leandro; Večeřová, Kristýna; Ven, Arne; Verbruggen, Erik; Vik, Unni; Weigel, Robert; Wohlgemuth, Thomas; Wood, Lauren K.; Zinnert, Julie; Zurba, Kamal (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      1. Climate change is a world-wide threat to biodiversity and ecosystem structure, functioning and services. To understand the underlying drivers and mechanisms, and to predict the consequences for nature and people, we ...
    • Insolation and Glacial Meltwater Influence on Sea‐Ice and Circulation Variability in the Northeastern Labrador Sea During the Last Glacial Period 

      Griem, Lisa; Voelker, Antje H.L.; Berben, Sarah Miche Patricia; Dokken, Trond Martin; Jansen, Eystein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The variable amounts of ice rafted debris (IRD) and foraminifers in North Atlantic sediments are related to the abrupt, millennial‐scale alteration from Greenland stadials to interstadials during the last glacial period ...
    • Winter weather controls net influx of atmospheric CO2 on the north-west European shelf 

      Kitidis, Vassilis; Shutler, Jamie D.; Ashton, Ian; Warren, Mark; Brown, Ian; Findlay, Helen S.; Hartman, Sue E.; Sanders, Richard; Humphreys, Matthew P.; Kivimäe, Caroline; Greenwood, Naomi; Hull, Tom; Pearce, David A.; McGrath, Triona; Stewart, Brian A.; Walsham, Pamela; McGovern, Evin; Bozec, Yann; Gac, Jean-Philippe; Van Heuven, Steven M.A.C.; Hoppema, Mario; Schuster, Ute; Johannessen, Truls; Omar, Abdirahman; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Olsen, Are; Steinhoff, Tobias; Körtzinger, Arne; Becker, Meike; Lefevre, Nathalie; Diverrès, Denis; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Cattrijsse, André; Petersen, Wilhelm; Voynova, Yoana G; Chapron, Bertrand; Grouazel, Antoine; Land, Peter E.; Sharples, Jonathan; Nightingale, Philip D. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Shelf seas play an important role in the global carbon cycle, absorbing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and exporting carbon (C) to the open ocean and sediments. The magnitude of these processes is poorly constrained, ...
    • A surface ocean CO2 reference network, SOCONET and associated marine boundary layer CO2 measurements 

      Wanninkhof, Rik; Pickers, Penelope A.; Omar, Abdirahman; Sutton, Adrienne; Murata, Akihiko; Olsen, Are; Stephens, Britton B.; Tilbrook, Bronte; Munro, David; Pierrot, Denis; Rehder, Gregor; Santana-Casiano, J. Magdalena; Müller, Jens D.; Trinanes, Joaquin; Tedesco, Kathy; O'Brien, Kevin; Currie, Kim; Barbero, Leticia; Telszewski, Maciej; Hoppema, Mario; Ishii, Masao; González-Dávila, Melchor; Bates, Nicholas R.; Metzl, Nicolas; Suntharalingam, Parvadha; Feely, Richard A.; Nakaoka, Shin-ichiro; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Takahashi, Taro; Steinhoff, Tobias; Schuster, Ute (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Surface Ocean CO2 NETwork (SOCONET) and atmospheric Marine Boundary Layer (MBL) CO2 measurements from ships and buoys focus on the operational aspects of measurements of CO2 in both the ocean surface and atmospheric ...