• A surface ocean CO2 reference network, SOCONET and associated marine boundary layer CO2 measurements 

      Wanninkhof, Rik; Pickers, Penelope A.; Omar, Abdirahman; Sutton, Adrienne; Murata, Akihiko; Olsen, Are; Stephens, Britton B.; Tilbrook, Bronte; Munro, David; Pierrot, Denis; Rehder, Gregor; Santana-Casiano, J. Magdalena; Müller, Jens D.; Trinanes, Joaquin; Tedesco, Kathy; O'Brien, Kevin; Currie, Kim; Barbero, Leticia; Telszewski, Maciej; Hoppema, Mario; Ishii, Masao; González-Dávila, Melchor; Bates, Nicholas R.; Metzl, Nicolas; Suntharalingam, Parvadha; Feely, Richard A.; Nakaoka, Shin-ichiro; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Takahashi, Taro; Steinhoff, Tobias; Schuster, Ute (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Surface Ocean CO2 NETwork (SOCONET) and atmospheric Marine Boundary Layer (MBL) CO2 measurements from ships and buoys focus on the operational aspects of measurements of CO2 in both the ocean surface and atmospheric ...
    • Acidification of the Nordic Seas 

      Fransner, Sara Filippa Krusmynta; Fröb, Friederike; Tjiputra, Jerry; Goris, Nadine; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Jeansson, Emil; Omar, Abdirahman; Chierici, Melissa; Jones, Elizabeth Marie; Fransson, Agneta; Ólafsdóttir, Sólveig R.; Johannessen, Truls; Olsen, Are (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Due to low calcium carbonate saturation states, and winter mixing that brings anthropogenic carbon to the deep ocean, the Nordic Seas and their cold-water corals are vulnerable to ocean acidification. Here, we present a ...
    • Best Practice Data Standards for Discrete Chemical Oceanographic Observations 

      Jiang, Li-Qing; Pierrot, Denis; Wanninkhof, Rik; Feely, Richard A.; Tilbrook, Bronte; Alin, Simone; Barbero, Leticia; Byrne, Robert H.; Carter, Brendan R.; Dickson, Andrew G.; Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Greeley, Dana; Hoppema, Mario; Humphreys, Matthew P.; Karstensen, Johannes; Lange, Nico; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lewis, Ernie R.; Olsen, Are; Pérez, Fiz F.; Sabine, Christopher; Sharp, Jonathan D.; Tanhua, Toste; Trull, Thomas W.; Velo, Anton; Allegra, Andrew J.; Barker, Paul; Burger, Eugene; Cai, Wei-Jun; Chen, Chen-Tung A.; Cross, Jessica; Garcia, Hernan; Hernandez-Ayon, Jose Martin; Hu, Xinping; Kozyr, Alex; Langdon, Chris; Lee, Kitack; Salisbury, Joe; Wang, Zhaohui Aleck; Xue, Liang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Effective data management plays a key role in oceanographic research as cruise-based data, collected from different laboratories and expeditions, are commonly compiled to investigate regional to global oceanographic ...
    • Constraining the oceanic uptake and fluxes of greenhouse gases by building an ocean network of certified stations: The ocean component of the Integrated Carbon Observation System, ICOS-Oceans 

      Steinhoff, Tobias; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Jones, Stephen Daniel; Schuster, Ute; Olsen, Are; Becker, Meike; Bozzano, Roberto; Brunetti, Fabio; Cantoni, Carolina; Cardin, Vanessa; Diverrès, Denis; Fiedler, Björn; Fransson, Agneta; Giani, Michele; Hartman, Sue; Hoppema, Mario; Jeansson, Emil; Johannessen, Truls; Kitidis, Vassilis; Körtzinger, Arne; Landa, Camilla Stegen; Lefèvre, Nathalie; Luchetta, Anna; Naudts, Lieven; Nightingale, Philip D.; Omar, Abdirahman; Pensieri, Sara; Pfeil, Benjamin; Castano Primo, Rocio; Rehder, Gregor; Rutgersson, Anna; Sanders, Richard; Schewe, Ingo; Siena, Giuseppe; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Soltwedel, Thomas; van Heuven, Steven; Watson, Andrew (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The European Research Infrastructure Consortium “Integrated Carbon Observation System” (ICOS) aims at delivering high quality greenhouse gas (GHG) observations and derived data products (e.g., regional GHG-flux maps) for ...
    • Global Carbon Budget 2020 

      Friedlingstein, Pierre; O'Sullivan, Michael; Jones, Matthew W.; Andrew, Robbie; Hauck, Judith; Olsen, Are; Peters, Glen Philip; Peters, Wouter; Pongratz, Julia; Sitch, Stephen; Le Quéré, Corinne; Canadell, Josep G.; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Alin, Simone; Aragão, Luiz E.O.C.; Arneth, Almut; Arora, Vivek K.; Bates, Nicholas R.; Becker, Meike; Benoit-Cattin, Alice; Bittig, Henry C.; Bopp, Laurent; Bultan, Selma; Chandra, Naveen; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise P.; Evans, Wiley; Florentie, Liesbeth; Forster, Piers M.; Gasser, Thomas; Gehlen, Marion; Gilfillan, Dennis; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Gregor, Luke; Gruber, Nicolas; Harris, Ian; Hartung, Kerstin; Haverd, Vanessa; Houghton, Richard A.; Ilyina, Tatiana; Jain, Atul K.; Joetzjer, Emilie; Kadono, Koji; Kato, Etsushi; Kitidis, Vassilis; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Landschützer, Peter; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Liu, Zhu; Lombardozzi, Danica; Marland, Gregg; Metzl, Nicolas; Munro, David; Nabel, Julia E.M.S.; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; Niwa, Yosuke; O'Brien, Kevin M.; Ono, Tsuneo; Palmer, Paul I.; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Ben; Resplandy, Laure; Robertson, Eddy; Rödenbeck, Christian; Schwinger, Jörg; Séférian, Roland; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Smith, Adam J.P.; Sutton, Adrienne; Tanhua, Toste; Tans, Pieter P.; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; Van Der Werf, Guido; Vuichard, Nicolas; Walker, Anthony P.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Watson, Andrew; Willis, David; Wiltshire, Andy; Yuan, Wenping; Yue, Xu; Zaehle, Sönke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere in a changing climate – the “global carbon budget” – is important to better ...
    • GLODAPv2.2019-an update of GLODAPv2 

      Olsen, Are; Lange, Nico; Key, Robert M.; Tanhua, Toste; Alvarez, Marta; Becker, Susan; Bittig, Henry C.; Carter, Brendan R; Da Cunha, Leticia Cotrim; Feely, Richard A.; Van Heuven, Steven M.A.C.; Hoppema, Mario; Ishii, Masao; Jeansson, Emil; Jones, Steve D.; Jutterström, Sara; Karlsen, Maren K.; Kozyr, Alex; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lo Monaco, Claire; Murata, Akihiko; Pérez, Fiz F.; Pfeil, Benjamin; Schirnick, Carsten; Steinfeldt, Reiner; Suzuki, Toru; Telszewski, Maciej; Tilbrook, Bronte; Velo, Antón; Wanninkhof, Rik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Global Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAP) is a synthesis effort providing regular compilations of surface to bottom ocean biogeochemical data, with an emphasis on seawater inorganic carbon chemistry and related ...
    • How Is the Ocean Anthropogenic Carbon Reservoir Filled? 

      Davila, Xabier; Gebbie, Geoffrey; Brakstad, Ailin; Lauvset, Siv Kari; McDonagh, Elaine Louise; Schwinger, Jörg; Olsen, Are (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      About a quarter of the total anthropogenic CO2 emissions during the industrial era has been absorbed by the ocean. The rate limiting step for this uptake is the transport of the anthropogenic carbon (Cant) from the ocean ...
    • A multi-decadal record of oceanographic changes of the past ~165 years (1850-2015 AD) from Northwest of Iceland 

      Simon, Margit Hildegard; Muschitiello, Francesco; Tisserand, Amandine Aline; Olsen, Are; Moros, Matthias; Perner, Kerstin; Bårdsnes, Siv Tone; Dokken, Trond Martin; Jansen, Eystein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Extending oceanographic data beyond the instrumental period is highly needed to better characterize and understand multi-decadal to centennial natural ocean variability. Here, a stable isotope record at unprecedented ...
    • The northern European shelf as an increasing net sink for CO2 

      Becker, Meike; Olsen, Are; Landschützer, Peter; Omar, Abdirahman; Rehder, Gregor; Rödenbeck, Christian; Skjelvan, Ingunn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      We developed a simple method to refine existing open-ocean maps and extend them towards different coastal seas. Using a multi-linear regression we produced monthly maps of surface ocean fCO2 in the northern European coastal ...
    • Ocean Biogeochemical Predictions—Initialization and Limits of Predictability 

      Fransner, Filippa; Counillon, Francois; Bethke, Ingo; Tjiputra, Jerry; Samuelsen, Annette; Nummelin, Aleksi; Olsen, Are (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Predictions of ocean biogeochemistry, such as primary productivity and CO2 uptake, would help to understand the changing marine environment and the global climate. There is an emerging number of studies where initialization ...
    • Preformed properties for marine organic matter and carbonate mineral cycling quantification 

      Carter, Brendan R.; Feely, Richard A.; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Olsen, Are; DeVries, Tim; Sonnerup, Rolf E. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      We estimate preformed ocean phosphate, nitrate, oxygen, silicate, and alkalinity by combining a reconstruction of ventilation pathways in the ocean interior with estimates of submixed layer properties. These new preformed ...
    • Processes Driving Global Interior Ocean pH Distribution 

      Lauvset, Siv Kari; Carter, B.R.; Pérez, Fiz F.; Jiang, L.-Q.; Feely, Richard A.; Velo, Antón; Olsen, Are (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Ocean acidification evolves on the background of a natural ocean pH gradient that is the result of the interplay between ocean mixing, biological production and remineralization, calcium carbonate cycling, and temperature ...
    • Sea surface pCO2 variability and air-sea CO2 exchange in the coastal Sudanese Red Sea 

      Ali, Elsheikh B.; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Omar, Abdirahman; Olsen, Are; De Lange, Tor; Johannessen, Truls; Elageed, Salma (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The dynamics of sea surface pCO2 () and air–sea CO2 exchange of the Sudanese coastal Red Sea has for the first time been studied over a full annual cycle (October 2014–October​ 2015) based on semi-continuous measurements ...
    • Surface ocean pH and buffer capacity: past, present and future 

      Jiang, Li-qing; Carter, Brendan R; Feely, Richard A.; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Olsen, Are (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The ocean’s chemistry is changing due to the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2). This phenomenon, commonly referred to as “Ocean Acidification”, is endangering coral reefs and the broader marine ecosystems. In ...
    • Trender i havforsuring og antropogent karbon i de nordiske hav, Nordsjøen og Skagerrak 

      Skjelvan, Ingunn; Jeansson, Emil; Chierici, Melissa; Fransnes, Filippa; Fröb, Friedrike; Tjiputra, Jerry; Goris, Nadine; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Omar, Abdirahman; Jones, Elizabeth; Fransson, Agneta; Olafsdóttir, Solveig R.; Johannessen, Truls; Olsen, Are; Norli, Marit; Apelthun, Lise B. (Research report, 2022)
      Denne rapporten baserer seg på artikkelen “Acidification of the Nordic Seas” av Fransner mfl. (2022). I tillegg presenteres havforsuringstrender (=endring over tid) i Nordsjøen og Skagerrak og trender i antropogent karbon ...
    • Trends of Ocean Acidification and pCO2 in the Northern North Sea, 2003-2015 

      Omar, Abdirahman; Thomas, Helmuth; Olsen, Are; Becker, Meike; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Reverdin, Gilles (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      For continental shelf regions, the long‐term trend in sea surface carbon dioxide (CO2) partial pressure (pCO2) and rates of ocean acidification are not accurately known. Here, we investigate the decadal trend of observed ...
    • An updated version of the global interior ocean biogeochemical data product, GLODAPv2.2020 

      Olsen, Are; Lange, Nico; Key, Robert M.; Tanhua, Toste; Bittig, Henry C.; Kozyr, Alexander; Alvarez, Marta; Azetsu-Scott, Kumiko; Becker, Susan; Brown, Peter; Carter, Brendan R; Da Cunha, Leticia Cotrim; Feely, Richard A.; van Heuven, Steven; Hoppema, Mario; Ishii, Masao; Jeansson, Emil; Jutterström, Sara; Landa, Camilla Stegen; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Michaelis, Patrick; Murata, Akihiko; Perez, F. Fiz; Pfeil, Gerrit Benjamin; Schirnick, Carsten; Steinfeldt, Reiner; Suzuki, Toru; Tilbrook, Bronte; Velo, Antón; Wanninkhof, Rik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The Global Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAP) is a synthesis effort providing regular compilations of surface-to-bottom ocean biogeochemical data, with an emphasis on seawater inorganic carbon chemistry and related ...
    • An updated version of the global interior ocean biogeochemical data product, GLODAPv2.2021 

      Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lange, Nico; Tanhua, Toste; Bittig, Henry C.; Olsen, Are; Kozyr, Alex; Alvarez, Marta; Becker, Susan; Brown, Pete; Carter, Brendan R.; Da Cunha, Leticia Cotrim; Feely, Richard A; van Heuven, Steven; Hoppema, Mario; Ishii, Masao; Jeansson, Emil; Jutterström, Sara; Jones, Stephen Daniel; Karlsen, Maren Kjos; Monaco, Claire Lo; Michaelis, Patrick; Murata, Akihiko; Perez, Fiz F; Pfeil, Gerrit Benjamin; Schirnick, Carsten; Steinfeldt, Reiner; Suzuki, Toru; Tilbrook, Bronte; Velo, Antón; Wanninkhof, Rik; Woosley, Ryan J.; Key, Robert M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Mathematical models were developed to predict biomass and hydrocarbon productivities and colony size (ouputs) of Botryococcus braunii showa cultures based on light intensity, temperature and dilution rate (inputs). These ...
    • Winter weather controls net influx of atmospheric CO2 on the north-west European shelf 

      Kitidis, Vassilis; Shutler, Jamie D.; Ashton, Ian; Warren, Mark; Brown, Ian; Findlay, Helen S.; Hartman, Sue E.; Sanders, Richard; Humphreys, Matthew P.; Kivimäe, Caroline; Greenwood, Naomi; Hull, Tom; Pearce, David A.; McGrath, Triona; Stewart, Brian A.; Walsham, Pamela; McGovern, Evin; Bozec, Yann; Gac, Jean-Philippe; Van Heuven, Steven M.A.C.; Hoppema, Mario; Schuster, Ute; Johannessen, Truls; Omar, Abdirahman; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Olsen, Are; Steinhoff, Tobias; Körtzinger, Arne; Becker, Meike; Lefevre, Nathalie; Diverrès, Denis; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Cattrijsse, André; Petersen, Wilhelm; Voynova, Yoana G; Chapron, Bertrand; Grouazel, Antoine; Land, Peter E.; Sharples, Jonathan; Nightingale, Philip D. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Shelf seas play an important role in the global carbon cycle, absorbing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) and exporting carbon (C) to the open ocean and sediments. The magnitude of these processes is poorly constrained, ...
    • Wintertime fCO2 variability in the subpolar North Atlantic since 2004 

      Fröb, Friederike; Olsen, Are; Becker, Meike; Chafik, Leon Martin; Johannessen, Truls; Reverdin, Gilles; Omar, Abdirahman (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Winter data of surface ocean temperature (SST), salinity (SSS) and CO2 fugacity (fCO2) collected on the VOS M/V Nuka Arctica in the subpolar North Atlantic between 2004 and 2017 are used to establish trends, drivers, and ...