• Evaluating the large-scale hydrological cycle response within the Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project Phase 2 (PlioMIP2) ensemble 

      Han, Zixuan; Zhang, Qiong; Li, Qiang; Feng, Ran; Haywood, Alan M.; Tindall, Julia C.; Hunter, Stephen J.; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C.; Rosenbloom, Nan; Zhang, Zhongshi; Li, Xiangyu; Guo, Chuncheng; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Stepanek, Christian; Lohmann, Gerrit; Sohl, Linda E.; Chandler, Mark A.; Tan, Ning; Ramstein, Gilles; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Von Der Heydt, Anna S.; Chandan, Deepak; Peltier, W. Richard; Williams, Charles J. R.; Lunt, Daniel J.; Cheng, Jianbo; Wen, Qin; Burls, Natalie J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The mid-Pliocene (∼3 Ma) is one of the most recent warm periods with high CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere and resulting high temperatures, and it is often cited as an analog for near-term future climate change. Here, ...
    • Lessons from a high-CO2 world: an ocean view from  ∼ 3 million years ago 

      McClymont, Erin L.; Ford, Heather; Ho, Sze Ling; Tindall, Julia C.; Haywood, Alan M.; Alonso-Garcia, Montserrat; Bailey, Ian; Berke, Melissa A.; Littler, Kate; Patterson, Molly O.; Petrick, Benjamin; Peterse, Francien; Ravelo, Ana Christina; Risebrobakken, Bjørg; De Schepper, Stijn; Swann, George E. A.; Kaustubh, Thirumalai; Tierney, Jessica E; Van der Weijst, Carolien; White, Sarah; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Brady, Esther C.; Chan, Wing-Le; Chandan, Deepak; Ran, Feng; Guo, Chenchen Guo; von der Heydt, Anna S.; Stephen, Hunter; Xiangyi, Li; Lohmann, Gerrit; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Peltier, Richard W.; Stepanek, Christian; Zhang, Zhongshi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      A range of future climate scenarios are projected for high atmospheric CO2 concentrations, given uncertainties over future human actions as well as potential environmental and climatic feedbacks. The geological record ...
    • Mid-Pliocene Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation simulated in PlioMIP2 

      Zhang, Zhongshi; Li, Xiangyu; Guo, Chuncheng; Otterå, Odd Helge; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Tan, Ning; Contoux, Camille; Ramstein, Gilles; Feng, Ran; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C.; Chandan, Deepak; Richard Peltier, Peltier; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Von Der Heydt, Anna S.; Weiffenbach, Julia E.; Stepanek, Christian; Lohmann, Gerrit; Zhang, Qiong; Li, Qiang; Chandler, Mark A.; Sohl, Linda E.; Haywood, Alan M.; Hunter, Stephen J.; Tindall, Julia C.; Williams, Charles; Lunt, Daniel J.; Chan, Wing-Le; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      In the Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project Phase 2 (PlioMIP2), coupled climate models have been used to simulate an interglacial climate during the mid-Piacenzian warm period (mPWP; 3.264 to 3.025 Ma). Here, we compare ...
    • Mid-Pliocene West African Monsoon rainfall as simulated in the PlioMIP2 ensemble 

      Berntell, Ellen; Zhang, Qiong; Li, Qiang; Haywood, Alan M.; Tindall, Julia C.; Hunter, Stephen J.; Zhang, Zhongshi; Xiangyu, Li; Guo, Chuncheng; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Stepanek, Christian; Lohmann, Gerrit; Sohl, Linda E.; Chandler, Mark A.; Tan, Ning; Contoux, Camille; Ramstein, Gilles; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; von der Heydt, Anna S.; Chandan, Deepak; Peltier, W. Richard; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Chan, Wing-Le; Kamae, Youichi; Williams, Charles J. R.; Lunt, Daniel J.; Feng, Ran; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The mid-Pliocene warm period (mPWP; ∼3.2 million years ago) is seen as the most recent time period characterized by a warm climate state, with similar to modern geography and ∼400 ppmv atmospheric CO2 concentration, and ...
    • The Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project Phase 2: large-scale climate features and climate sensitivity 

      Haywood, Alan M.; Tindall, Julia C.; Dowsett, Harry J.; Dolan, Aisling M.; Foley, Kevin M.; Hunter, Stephen J.; Hill, Daniel J.; Chan, Wing-Le; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Stepanek, Christian; Lohmann, Gerrit; Chandan, Deepak; Peltier, Richard W.; Tan, Ning; Contoux, Camille; Ramstein, Gilles; Li, Xiangyu; Zhang, Zhongshi; Guo, Chuncheng; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Zhang, Qiong; Li, Qiang; Kamae, Youichi; Chandler, Mark A.; Sohl, Linda E.; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Feng, Ran; Brady, Esther C.; von der Heydt, Anna S.; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Lunt, Daniel J (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The Pliocene epoch has great potential to improve our understanding of the long-term climatic and environmental consequences of an atmospheric CO2 concentration near ~ 400 parts per million by volume. Here we present the ...
    • Reduced El Niño variability in the mid-Pliocene according to the PlioMIP2 ensemble 

      Oldeman, Arthur M.; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Von Der Heydt, Anna S.; Dijkstra, Henk A.; Tindall, Julia C.; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Booth, Alice R.; Brady, Esther C.; Chan, Wing-Le; Chandan, Deepak; Chandler, Mark A.; Contoux, Camille; Feng, Ran; Guo, Chuncheng; Haywood, Alan M.; Hunter, Stephen J.; Kamae, Youichi; Li, Qiang; Li, Xiangyu; Lohmann, Gerrit; Lunt, Daniel J.; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Peltier, W. Richard; Pontes, Gabriel M.; Ramstein, Gilles; Sohl, Linda E.; Stepanek, Christian; Tan, Ning; Zhang, Qiong; Zhang, Zhongshi; Wainer, Ilana; Williams, Charles J. R. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The mid-Pliocene warm period (3.264–3.025 Ma) is the most recent geological period during which atmospheric CO2 levels were similar to recent historical values (∼400 ppm). Several proxy reconstructions for the mid-Pliocene ...