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  • Overview of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) and key climate response of CMIP6 DECK, historical, and scenario simulations 

    Seland, Øyvind; Bentsen, Mats; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Toniazzo, Thomas; Gjermundsen, Ada; Graff, Lise Seland; Debernard, Jens Boldingh; Gupta, Alok Kumar; He, Yan-Chun; Kirkevåg, Alf; Schwinger, Jörg; Tjiputra, Jerry; Aas, Kjetil Schanke; Bethke, Ingo; Fan, Yuanchao; Griesfeller, Jan; Grini, Alf; Guo, Chuncheng; Ilicak, Mehmet; Karset, Inger Helene H.; Landgren, Oskar Andreas; Liakka, Johan; Moseid, Kine Onsum; Nummelin, Aleksi; Spensberger, Clemens; Tang, Hui; Zhang, Zhongshi; Heinze, Christoph; Iversen, Trond; Schulz, Michael (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    The second version of the coupled Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) is presented and evaluated. NorESM2 is based on the second version of the Community Earth System Model (CESM2) and shares with CESM2 the computer ...
  • A multi-model CMIP6-PMIP4 study of Arctic sea ice at 127 ka: sea ice data compilation and model differences 

    Kageyama, Masa; Sime, Louise C.; Sicard, Marie; Guarino, Maria-Vittoria; De Vernal, A; Stein, Ruediger; Schroeder, david; Malmierca-Vallet, Irene; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Bitz, Cecilia M.; Braconnot, Pascale; Brady, Esther C.; Cao, Jian; Chamberlain, Matthew; Feltham, Danny; Guo, Chuncheng; Legrande, Allegra N.; Lohmann, Gerrit; Meissner, Katrin; Menviel, Laurie; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; O'ishi, Ryouta; Ramos Buarque, Silvan; Salas y Mélia, David; Sherriff-Tadano, Sam; Stroeve, Julienne C.; Shi, Xiaoxu; Sun, Bo; Thomas, Robert; Volodin, Evgeny; Yeung, Nicholas K.H.; Zhang, Qiong; Zhang, Zhongshi; Zheng, Weipeng; Ziehn, Tilo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
    The Last Interglacial period (LIG) is a period with increased summer insolation at high northern latitudes, which results in strong changes in the terrestrial and marine cryosphere. Understanding the mechanisms for this ...
  • An updated version of the global interior ocean biogeochemical data product, GLODAPv2.2020 

    Olsen, Are; Lange, Nico; Key, Robert M.; Tanhua, Toste; Bittig, Henry C.; Kozyr, Alexander; Alvarez, Marta; Azetsu-Scott, Kumiko; Becker, Susan; Brown, Peter; Carter, Brendan R; Da Cunha, Leticia Cotrim; Feely, Rickhard; van Heuven, Steven; Hoppema, Mario; Ishii, Masao; Jeansson, Emil; Jutterström, Sara; Landa, Camilla Stegen; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Michaelis, Patrick; Murata, Akihiko; Perez, F. Fiz; Pfeil, Gerrit Benjamin; Schirnick, Carsten; Steinfeldt, Reiner; Suzuki, Toru; Tilbrook, Bronte; Velo, Antón; Wanninkhof, Rik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    The Global Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAP) is a synthesis effort providing regular compilations of surface-to-bottom ocean biogeochemical data, with an emphasis on seawater inorganic carbon chemistry and related ...
  • The Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project Phase 2: large-scale climate features and climate sensitivity 

    Haywood, Alan M.; Tindall, Julia C.; Dowsett, Harry J.; Dolan, Aisling M.; Foley, Kevin M.; Hunter, Stephen J.; Hill, Daniel J.; Chan, Wing-Le; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Stepanek, Christian; Lohmann, Gerrit; Chandan, Deepak; Peltier, Richard W.; Tan, Ning; Contoux, Camille; Ramstein, Gilles; Li, Xiangyu; Zhang, Zhongshi; Guo, Chuncheng; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Zhang, Qiong; Li, Qiang; Kamae, Youichi; Chandler, Mark A.; Sohl, Linda E.; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Feng, Ran; Brady, Esther C.; von der Heydt, Anna S.; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Lunt, Daniel J (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    The Pliocene epoch has great potential to improve our understanding of the long-term climatic and environmental consequences of an atmospheric CO2 concentration near ~ 400 parts per million by volume. Here we present the ...
  • Comparison of past and future simulations of ENSO in CMIP5/PMIP3 and CMIP6/PMIP4 models 

    Brown, Josephine; Brierley, Chris; Soon-Il, An; Guarino, Maria-Vittoria; Stevenson, Samantha; Williams, Charles J. R.; Zhang, Qiong; Zhao, anni; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Braconnot, Pascale; Brady, Esther C.; Chandan, Deepak; D'Agostino, Roberta; Guo, Chuncheng; Legrande, Allegra N.; Lohmann, Gerrit; Morozova, Polina A.; Ohgaito, Rumi; O'ishi, Ryouta; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Peltier, W. Richard; Shi, Xiaoxu; Sime, Louise C.; Volodin, Evgeny M.; Zhang, Zhongshi; Zheng, Weipeng (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is the strongest mode of interannual climate variability in the current climate, influencing ecosystems, agriculture, and weather systems across the globe, but future projections of ENSO ...
  • Global Carbon Budget 2020 

    Friedlingstein, Pierre; O'Sullivan, Michael; Jones, Matthew W.; Andrew, Robbie; Hauck, Judith; Olsen, Are; Peters, Glen Philip; Peters, Wouter; Pongratz, Julia; Sitch, Stephen; Le Quéré, Corinne; Canadell, Josep G.; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Alin, Simone; Aragão, Luiz E.O.C.; Arneth, Almut; Arora, Vivek K.; Bates, Nicholas R.; Becker, Meike; Benoit-Cattin, Alice; Bittig, Henry C.; Bopp, Laurent; Bultan, Selma; Chandra, Naveen; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise P.; Evans, Wiley; Florentie, Liesbeth; Forster, Piers M.; Gasser, Thomas; Gehlen, Marion; Gilfillan, Dennis; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Gregor, Luke; Gruber, Nicolas; Harris, Ian; Hartung, Kerstin; Haverd, Vanessa; Houghton, Richard A.; Ilyina, Tatiana; Jain, Atul K.; Joetzjer, Emilie; Kadono, Koji; Kato, Etsushi; Kitidis, Vassilis; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Landschützer, Peter; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Liu, Zhu; Lombardozzi, Danica; Marland, Gregg; Metzl, Nicolas; Munro, David; Nabel, Julia E.M.S.; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; Niwa, Yosuke; O'Brien, Kevin M.; Ono, Tsuneo; Palmer, Paul I.; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Ben; Resplandy, Laure; Robertson, Eddy; Rödenbeck, Christian; Schwinger, Jörg; Séférian, Roland; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Smith, Adam J.P.; Sutton, Adrienne; Tanhua, Toste; Tans, Pieter P.; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; Van Der Werf, Guido; Vuichard, Nicolas; Walker, Anthony P.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Watson, Andrew; Willis, David; Wiltshire, Andy; Yuan, Wenping; Yue, Xu; Zaehle, Sönke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
  • Ocean Biogeochemical Predictions—Initialization and Limits of Predictability 

    Fransner, Filippa; Counillon, Francois; Bethke, Ingo; Tjiputra, Jerry; Samuelsen, Annette; Nummelin, Aleksi; Olsen, Are (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Predictions of ocean biogeochemistry, such as primary productivity and CO2 uptake, would help to understand the changing marine environment and the global climate. There is an emerging number of studies where initialization ...
  • Modeled Microbial Dynamics Explain the Apparent Temperature Sensitivity of Wetland Methane Emissions 

    Chadburn, Sarah E.; Aalto, Tuula; Aurela, Mika; Baldocchi, Dennis; Biasi, Christina; Boike, Julia; Burke, Eleanor J.; Comyn-platt, Edward; Dolman, A Johannes; Duran-Rojas, Carolina; Fan, Yuanchao; Friborg, Thomas; Gao, Yao; Gedney, Nicola; Göckede, Mathias; Hayman, Garry D.; Holl, David; Hugelius, Gustaf; Kutzbach, Lars; Lee, Hanna; Lohila, Annalea; Parmentier, Frans-Jan W.; Sachs, Torsten; Shurpali, Narasinha J.; Westermann, Sebastian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Methane emissions from natural wetlands tend to increase with temperature and therefore may lead to a positive feedback under future climate change. However, their temperature response includes confounding factors and ...
  • Interglacial instability of North Atlantic Deep Water ventilation 

    Galaasen, Eirik Vinje; Ninnemann, Ulysses S; Kessler, Augustin; Irvali, Nil; Rosenthal, Yair; Tjiputra, Jerry; Bouttes, Nathaelle; Roche, Didier M.; Kleiven, Helga Flesche; Hodell, David A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Disrupting North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) ventilation is a key concern in climate projections. We use (sub)centennially resolved bottom water δ13C records that span the interglacials of the last 0.5 million years to ...
  • GrSMBMIP: intercomparison of the modelled 1980-2012 surface mass balance over the Greenland Ice Sheet 

    Fettweis, Xavier; Hofer, Stefan; Krebs-Kanzow, Uta; Amory, Charles; Aoki, Teruo; Berends, Constantijn J.; Born, Andreas; Box, Jason E.; Delhasse, Alison; Fujita, Koji; Gierz, Paul; Goelzer, Heiko; Hanna, Edward; Hashimoto, Akihiro; Huybrechts, Philippe; Kapsch, Marie-Luise; King, Michaela D.; Kittel, Christoph; Lang, Charlotte; Langen, Peter L.; Lenaerts, Jan T.M.; Liston, Glen E.; Lohmann, Gerrit; Mernild, Jacob Sebastian Haugaard; Mikolajewicz, Uwe; Modali, Kameswarrao; Mottram, Ruth H.; Niwano, Masashi; Noël, Brice; Ryan, Jonathan C.; Smith, Amy; Streffing, Jan; Tedesco, Marco; Van de Berg, Willem Jan; Van den Broeke, Michiel; Van de Wal, Rodecrick S.; Von Kampenhout, Leo; Wilton, David; Wouters, Bert; Ziemen, Florian; Zolles, Tobias (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Observations and models agree that the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) surface mass balance (SMB) has decreased since the end of the 1990s due to an increase in meltwater runoff and that this trend will accelerate in the future. ...
  • An improved routing algorithm for a large-scale distributed hydrological model with consideration of underlying surface impact 

    Li, Jingjing; Zhao, Haoyuan; Zhang, Jun; Chen, Hua; Xu, Chong-Yu; Li, Lu; Chen, Jie; Guo, Shenglian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Large-scale hydrological models are important tools for simulating the hydrological effect of climate change. As an indispensable part of the application of distributed hydrological models, large-scale flow routing methods ...
  • Attuning to a changing ocean 

    Stenseth, Nils Christian; Payne, Mark R.; Bonsdorff, Erik; Dankel, Dorothy Jane; Durant, Joel Marcel; Anderson, Leif G.; Armstrong, Claire W.; Blenckner, Thorsten; Brakstad, Ailin; Dupont, Sam; Eikeset, Anne Maria; Goksøyr, Anders; Jónsson, Steingrímur; Kuparinen, Anna; Våge, Kjetil; Österblom, Henrik; Paasche, Øyvind (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    The ocean is a lifeline for human existence, but current practices risk severely undermining ocean sustainability. Present and future social−ecological challenges necessitate the maintenance and development of knowledge ...
  • Experimental protocol for sea level projections from ISMIP6 stand-alone ice sheet models 

    Nowicki, Sophie; Goelzer, Heiko; Seroussi, Hélène; Payne, Anthony J.; Lipscomb, William H.; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Agosta, Cécile; Alexander, Patrick; Asay-Davis, Xylar S; Barthel, Alice; Bracegirdle, Thomas J.; Cullather, Richard; Felikson, Denis; Fettweis, Xavier; Gregory, Jonathan M.; Hattermann, Tore; Jourdain, Nicolas C.; Munneke, Peter Kuipers; Larour, Eric; Little, Christopher M.; Morlighem, Mathieu; Nias, Isabel; Shepherd, Andrew; Simon, Erika; Slater, Donald; Smith, Robin; Straneo, Fiammetta; Trusel, Luke D.; van den Broeke, Michiel R.; Van de Wal, Roderik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    Abstract. Projection of the contribution of ice sheets to sea level change as part of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) takes the form of simulations from coupled ice sheet–climate models and ...
  • Arctic Sea level Budget Assessment During the GRACE/Argo Time Period 

    Raj, Roshin Pappukutty; Andersen, Ole Baltazar; Johannessen, Johnny Andre; Benjamin, Gutknech; Chatterjee, Sourav; rose, stine; Bonaduce, Antonio; Horwath, Martin; Ranndal, Heidi; Richter, Kristin; Palanisamy, Hindumathi; Ludwigsen, Carsten; Bertino, Laurent; Nilsen, Jan Even Øie; Knudsen, Per; Hogg, Anna E.; Cazenave, Anny; Benveniste, Jérôme (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    Sea level change is an important indicator of climate change. Our study focuses on the sea level budget assessment of the Arctic Ocean using: (1) the newly reprocessed satellite altimeter data with major changes in the ...
  • Ocean biogeochemistry in the Norwegian Earth System Model version 2 (NorESM2) 

    Tjiputra, Jerry; Schwinger, Jörg; Bentsen, Mats; Morée, Anne; Gao, Shuang; Bethke, Ingo; Heinze, Christoph; Goris, Nadine; Gupta, Alok Kumar; He, Yan-Chun; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Seland, Øyvind; Schulz, Michael (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    The ocean carbon cycle is a key player in the climate system through its role in regulating the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and other processes that alter the Earth's radiative balance. In the second version ...
  • Impact of solar irradiance and geomagnetic activity on polar NOx, ozone and temperature in WACCM simulations 

    Tartaglione, Nazario; Toniazzo, Thomas; Orsolini, Yvan J.; Otterå, Odd Helge (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    The response of the atmosphere to solar irradiance and geomagnetic activity is analyzed in experiments with the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) under idealized forcings. Four experiments are carried out ...
  • Lessons from a high-CO2 world: an ocean view from  ∼ 3 million years ago 

    McClymont, Erin L.; Ford, Heather; Ho, Sze Ling; Tindall, Julia C.; Haywood, Alan M.; Alonso-Garcia, Montserrat; Bailey, Ian; Berke, Melissa A.; Littler, Kate; Patterson, Molly O.; Petrick, Benjamin; Peterse, Francien; Ravelo, Ana Christina; Risebrobakken, Bjørg; De Schepper, Stijn; Swann, George E. A.; Kaustubh, Thirumalai; Tierney, Jessica E; Van der Weijst, Carolien; white, sarah; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Brady, Esther C.; Chan, Wing-Le; Chandan, Deepak; Ran, Feng; Guo, Chenchen Guo; von der Heydt, Anna S.; Stephen, Hunter; Xiangyi, Li; Lohmann, Gerrit; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Peltier, Richard W.; Stepanek, Christian; Zhang, Zhongshi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    A range of future climate scenarios are projected for high atmospheric CO2 concentrations, given uncertainties over future human actions as well as potential environmental and climatic feedbacks. The geological record ...
  • GLORIA Norge 2019. Overvåkning av vegetasjon, vekstsesong og bremåling 

    Karlsen, Stein Rune; Wehn, Sølvi; Vesterbukt, Per; Nesje, Atle (Research report, 2020)
  • Insolation and Glacial Meltwater Influence on Sea‐Ice and Circulation Variability in the Northeastern Labrador Sea During the Last Glacial Period 

    Griem, Lisa; Voelker, Antje H.L.; Berben, Sarah Miche Patricia; Dokken, Trond Martin; Jansen, Eystein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
  • Large‐scale regional model biases in the extra‐tropical North Atlantic storm track and impacts on downstream precipitation 

    Pontoppidan, Marie Louise Nielsen; Kolstad, Erik Wilhelm; Sobolowski, Stefan Pieter; Sorteberg, Asgeir; Changhai, Liu; Rasmussen, Roy (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)

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